Kuvaus

Tästä Talvisota kokoelmaasi todella harvinainen taisteluväline.Alla vähän faktoja tästä välineestä.Käytetiin luultavasti aika loppuun jatkosodan aikana, putkimiina M/43 korvasi tämän välineen.TODELLA HARVINAINEN! EXTREMELY RARE !

Deaktivoitu , ei sisällä mitään vaarallista elementtiä.Deactivated!

Pipe mine (Putkimiina):

Pipe mine was another antipersonnel mine type which Engineer units invented at the front and introduced to their own use during Winter War. In its common form pipe mine was simple piece of water pipe (or other similar iron/steel pipe) filled with explosives, its both ends were closed and another end was equipped with concussion fuse and trip-wire. Walking, driving or skiing to this wire pulled the pin off from concussion fuse, which detonated the mine with the metal pipe turning into shrapnel. When used on dry land the mine was usually installed at about half a meter height at side of a tree or wooden post and trip-wire from pin of its concussion was tied into another nearby tree or wooden post (wire was typically in about knee height). During Winter War this type of mines were build in variety of places for engineer units of Finnish Army and as a result there was no standard design for pipe mine yet at that time. Length of pipe mines build during Winter War varied in between 0.3 - 3.0 meters and they were filled with variety of explosives, from which combination of chlorate-resin and TNT was maybe the most common. According reports explosive charge containing only chlorate-resin proved less lethal, while mines filled with only TNT or combination of the two proved notably more effective. Maybe the most common size was built using section of water pipe half-meter long, weight about 1.3-kg and contained 300-grams of explosives. During Winter War pipe mines proved to be very effective and were used in forests, barbwire obstacles, antitank-obstacles on frozen lakes and other similar places. It seems that short pipe mines (0.3 - 1.0 meter long) were typically used as antipersonnel-mines on dry land and tied into tree trunks, wooden posts, barbwire obstacles etc. on vertical position. While longer pipe mines (1.5 - 3.0 meter long) were typically installed horizontally on ice. When used on ice pipe mine 3 meters long proved capable of making hole about 8 meters in diameter - in other words large enough for a light tank to fall through ice and sunk. Both "fisherman's thread" (thin cotton thread) and thin iron-wire were used as trip wires during that war, from those two thin iron-wire proved superior, since it wasn't moisture didn't damage it as easily. These mines proved so effective that after reports concerning their use gathered after that war repeatedly ask them to mass-produced. After Winter War ice mine m/41 replaced large pipe mines used on ice, but pipe mines continued to be used as anti-personnel mines and their development continued until it resulted into introduction of mass-produced pipe mine M/43.

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